Patterns in Border Security: Regional Comparisons
Christian Leuprecht, Todd Hataley, Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly | Routledge | 2022
How do security communities transform into security regimes? This book compares the construction of cross-border security regimes across five regions of the world to illustrate how trust emerges from the day-to-day relations of coordination, cooperation, or collaboration. Patterns in Border Security: Regional Comparisons studies the way borderland communities develop, implement, and align border policy to enhance their sense of security. Borders have been evolving rapidly in direct response to the multifaceted challenges brought on by globalization, which has had a nuanced impact on the way borders are governed and border security is managed. Taking a methodical comparative regional approach, this book identifies and contrasts determinants of nascent, ascendant, and mature border security regimes, which the book documents in seven regional case studies from across the globe. The findings identify conditions that give rise to cross-border and trans-governmental coordination, cooperation, or collaboration. Specifically, pluralistic forms of communication and interactions, sometimes far from the actual borderline, emerge as key determinants of friendly and trustful relations among both contiguous and non-contiguous regions. This is a significant innovation in the study of borders, in particular in the way borders mediate security. For six decades international security studies had posited culture as the bedrock of security communities. By contrast, the book identifies conditions, a method, and a model for adequate and effective cross-border relations, but whose outcome is not contingent on culture.
Christian Leuprecht is Class of 1965 Professor in Leadership, Department of Political Science and Economics, Royal Military College of Canada; Director of the Institute of Intergovernmental Relations, School of Policy Studies, Queen’s University, Canada; Adjunct Research Professor, Australian Graduate School of Policing and Security, Charles Sturt University, Australia; and Munk Senior Fellow in Security and Defence at the Macdonald Laurier Institute. A former Fulbright Research Chair in Canada-US Relations at the School for Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, DC (2020) and a former Eisenhower Fellow at the NATO Defence College in Rome (2019), he is a recipient of RMC’s Cowan Prize for Excellence in Research and an elected member of the College of New Scholars of the Royal Society of Canada. He is Editor-in-Chief of the Canadian Military Journal.
Todd Hataley is Professor in the School of Justice and Community Development at Fleming College in Peterborough, Ontario, Canada; Adjunct Associate Professor at the Royal Military College of Canada; and a former Fulbright Research Chair in Canada-US Relations at Johns Hopkins University. He is a retired member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. During his tenure as a federal police officer, he conducted investigations into the smuggling of drugs, weapons and humans, money laundering, organized crime, national security, and extra-territorial torture investigations. His research focuses on managing of international boundaries, public safety, Indigenous policing, and transnational crime.
Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly is Professor in the School of Public Administration, Jean Monnet Chair and Director of the Jean Monnet Centre and the Borders in Globalization Laboratory at the University of Victoria, Canada. He is Editor of the Borders in Globalization Review.
Borders in Flux and Border Temporalities In and Beyond Europe
Belval, Luxembourg | December 15-16, 2022
Find more information on the event and a detailed programme on the C²DH website.
Border studies is an interdisciplinary field of research in which existing scholarship has primarily been spatially oriented. The conference Borders In Flux and Border Temporalities In and Beyond Europe shedded light on research that focuses on the temporality of borders. The conference connected leading researchers as well as established and early-stage researchers to present, share and discuss their research on borders, borderlands, and border regions in and beyond 19th and 20th century Europe.
The conference invited scholars whose research sheds light on the temporal dimension of borders by exploring border practices, border discourses, and analyses of border regimes and life at the border in Europe. The conference included papers that focus on topics that are related to identity, historical memory, minorities, cross-border experiences, cross-border cooperation, and regionalism. The conference also highlighted methodological and conceptual considerations of researching borders in and through time and space.
The conference was organised by the Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C²DH) and the Transfrontier Euro-Institut Network (TEIN) in collaboration with BIG, the UniGr Center for Border Studies and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.
Carolin Leutloff-Grandits: “Of being stuck or moving on: border temporalities along the EU’s external border in the Western Balkans.” Leutloff-Grandits, PD Dr. phil., is a social anthropologist and works as a senior researcher at the interdisciplinary Viadrina Center B/ORDERS IN MOTION at the European University Viadrina. Her research interests include migration, borders, temporality, social security, and family. She is particularly concerned with the countries of the former Yugoslavia and with Germany.
Alena Pfoser: “Remembering as bordering: Using memory studies to understand border temporalities.” Pfoser is Senior Lecturer in Communication and Media Studies at Loughborough University, UK. Her main areas of expertise include memory in contested settings, heritage and tourism industries, borders and borderlands, and qualitative and arts-based methods. For her doctoral and postdoctoral projects, she conducted research on the Russian-Estonian borderland, exploring the interrelations and tensions between official and vernacular memories in two border towns as well as questions of spatial peripheralisation.
Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly is a Professor of Public Administration, and the director of Borders in Globalization (BiG) and 21st century borders research projects at the University of Victoria, Canada. His research interests are comparative border and migration studies, policy governance as well as policy relevant research. He has published over 100 articles and book sections, and 12 books/sections of academic journals.
A World Anthology of Border Poetry
Natasha Sardzoska and Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly
This multilingual anthology presents the works of poets from around the world, showcasing the state of the art and distinct contributions of poetry to literary criticism and dissent. Beyond the social sciences and humanities, the book points to the importance of poetry for the fields of inquiry into borderlands and frontiers as intersectional and relational human experiences. The poems invite the reader to explore innovative approaches to reading and writing borders, those that transcend language within their conventional semiology of boundary transgression.
A World Anthology of Border Poetry
Edited by Natasha Sardzoska and Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly.
BIG_Books Series, #2, 2022
Academic Partner – Laval University
Frédéric Lasserre holds a Master of Commerce (ESC Lyon, 1990), an MBA (York U., Toronto, 1991), a DEA in Geopolitics (U. Paris VIII, 1992) and a Ph.D. in Geography (U. Saint-Étienne, France, 1996).
He worked as a consultant with the European Observatory of Geopolitics (OEG, Lyon, France) on the political and economic transformations of Central and Eastern Europe after the fall of the Berlin Wall, then as a foreign language instructor in Japan, then as Advisor in International Affairs on Asian Desks at the Quebec Ministry of Trade and Industry; and then with Investissement Québec, the Crown corporation responsible for the promotion of foreign investment in Quebec.
He is Professor since 2001 in the Department of Geography at Laval University (Quebec City). He acted as Project Director with the international ArcticNet research network. He is also researcher with the Ecole Supérieure d’Études Internationales (ESEI) and chairs the Conseil québécois d’Études géopolitiques (Quebec Council for Geopolitical Studies, CQEG) at Laval University.
With his book L’éveil du dragon. Les défis du développement de la Chine au XXIe siècle (Presses de l’Université du Québec) [The awakening of the dragon. The challenges of development in China in the 21st century], he won the HEC Best Business Book Award 2006.
He conducted extensive research in the field of Arctic geopolitics, water management, transport geopolitics and maritime borders, enabling him to publish more than 150 peer-reviewed papers and 27 books.
Academic Partner – École nationale d’Administration publique
Stéphane Roussel is Professor of Political Science at Ecole nationale d’Administration publique (ENAP). From 2002 to 2012, he was Professor at the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM). He held the Canada Research Chair in Canadian Foreign and Defence Policy. He graduated from Université de Montréal (Ph. D., 1999).
Dr Roussel was President of the ISA Canada section in 2004-2005 and the Quebec Association of Political Science (SQSP) in 2010-2011. He is a member of several research groups and networks, including the Centre Interuniversitaire de recherche sur les Relations internationales du Canada et du Québec (CIRRICQ – based at ENAP), the Canadian Defence and Security Network (CSDN – Carleton University), the Observatoire de la politique et de la sécurité dans l’Arctique (OPSA – ENAP), Border in Globalization (BIG – University of Victoria), and the North American and Arctic Defence and Security Network (NAADSN – Trent University).
His research interests relate to Canadian foreign and defence policy, with particular emphasis on the relations with the United States and European countries. He has also developed an expertise in related fields, such as international relations theory and military history. Dr Roussel has published several articles and books related to these themes, including The Politics of Canadian Foreign Policy, Pearson Canada, 2015 (with Kim Richard Nossal and Stéphane Paquin).
He currently directs two research programs entitled “Competing Views of Emerging Challenges in the Arctic”, and “Quebec’s Strategic Culture”.
Call for Proposals: XV International Congress on Regional Integration, Borders and Globalization in the American Continent
Monday, June 15, 2015 (All day)
Proposals to participate in the XV International Congress on Regional Integration, Borders and Globalization in the American Continent are currently being accepted.
The congress will be held jointly with the IV International Congress of Border Cities On 28, 29 and 30 October 2015 At the Institute of Social Sciences and Management Autonomous University of Ciudad Juárez (UACJ) In Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México
DESCRIPTION: The International Congress on Regional Integration, Borders and Globalization in the American Continent has been since 1996 a space that encourages critical reflection in order to contribute to a greater understanding of our reality. It has also fostered action research and the construction of a critical stands vis-à-vis the most pressing problems of the American continent. To continue this reflection, its 15th Congress is jointly held with the 4th International Conference on Border Cities, held since 2009 at the Autonomous University of Ciudad Juárez (UACJ). This joint conference seeks to integrate various discussions and debates which have taken place for nearly twenty years through our project and research program on Regional Integration, Borders and Globalization in the Americas. This conference’s purpose is primarily to establish new mechanisms for interdisciplinary teamwork and comparative work. On this occasion, we seek to emphasize a critical view of the concept of borders and their economic, political, social, psychological, cultural, legal and territorial manifestations. Further, we seek to question the very existence of borders in a globalized world. This conference will include a visit to the border town of El Paso, Texas. The call for proposals includes papers, roundtable discussions, full panels, book presentations, video conferences, documentaries and academic exchanges with open discussions on the following
- THE PROCESS OF REGIONAL INTEGRATION IN FRONT OF THE GLOBAL CRISIS
- Regional integration, free trade and globalization
- Productive and service sectors in globalization
- Neoliberalism, globalization and limits of national sovereignty
- Political and geopolitical thinking of globalization and integration
- FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS AND GEOSTRATEGY
- Regionalization and extraction of strategic natural resources
- Regional integration, megaprojects and environmental impacts
- The emergence of new integration processes in the region
- MILITARIZATION AND REGIONAL SECURITY
- Militarization, armaments and repression
- Regional security and multidimensional security
- “War on Terror and the “War on Drugs”
- Insecurity and organized crime
- MIGRATION, FORCED DISPLACEMENT AND REFUGEES
- New migration flows
- Forced migration and human trafficking
- Displacement of peoples and exile
- Refugee Policies
- NEW SOCIAL MOVEMENTS AND EXPERIENCES OF ORGANIZATION
- Ethnicities in the face of globalization
- Emerging social networks
- Social conflict and resistance
- THE BORDERS IN THE FACE OF INTEGRATION
- Borders as global and transnational spaces
- Regional integration, cooperation and border development
- Economic transactions and cross-border labor markets
- The construction of cross-border social networks
- SECURITY AND BORDER MILITARIZATION
- Borders and bio-politics
- Border Crossing Controls
- Material expressions of border security (walls, canals, fences, prisons and detention centers, etc.)
- Dehumanization of borders and democratic responses to terrorism and insecurity
- CROSS-BORDER CULTURE
- Culture, history and border narratives
- New identities and cross-border subjects
- Border, inter-ethnic territories and ethno-development
- Universal citizenship, cosmopolitanism and cross-border mobility
- Cultural heritage and border landscape
- BORDER CITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
- Political processes and public policy
- Violence and Public Safety
- Environment, public health and welfare
- Social vulnerability on the borders
- CONSTRUCTING AN AGENDA OF CRITICAL STUDIES OF THE BORDER
- Construction, de-construction and reconstruction of the concept of borders
- Internal and external Borders (borders within borders)
- Boundaries within the nation-state
- Examine the impact of the global economic crises on the political and social landscape in the Western Hemisphere
- Develop networks to analyze ways of working jointly on globalization and borders
- Provide methodological tools to articulate resistance processes and reflection on regional integration alternatives
- Strengthen the link social movements—academia
- Encourage and promote comparative approaches between countries in the region to discuss common issues
- Promote the study and critical reflection of the concepts of borders and boundaries as well as knowledge of the social reality of the border cities
PARTICIPANTS Researchers, teachers, students, activists and members of civil society organizations
PRACTICAL INFORMATION Transportation, accommodations and food costs will be paid by the participants. Because the campus of the Autonomous University of Ciudad Juárez is located in an area where food services (restaurants) are not close by, the Local Organizing Committee agreed to retain the services of a restaurant which will provide meals at a cost of $ 30.00 (thirty US dollars) or $ 400.00 (four hundred pesos) for the three days. A participant wishing to utilize this service must pay all $400 pesos upon registration. At the end of the congress, there will be a visit to the border town of El Paso, Texas. The costs shall also be paid for by the participants. Please send a note next to the abstract of the paper if you are interested in this activity. All participants are responsible for having a valid visa issued by the United States to cross the border.
DEADLINE FOR ABSTRACTS Please, turn in your proposals by June 15, 2015, with an extension of one page maximum, double spacing, Times New Roman 12 font. The deadline to receive submissions for those interested in publishing their paper in a Memory CD version of the conference is September 30, 2015. The length of the paper is 20-25 pages, double spacing, Times New Roman 12 front, in Word format. The deadline for submission of papers to the Organizing Committee for its review and possible publication in a book is December 5, 2015. Please send abstracts and papers to the following three addresses:
- Dr. Juan Manuel Sandoval Palacios: [email protected]
- Dr. Hector Padilla Antonio Delgado: [email protected]
- Dr. Consuelo Pequeño. [email protected]
Publication of papers in the book: The papers will be submitted to a review committee and those that are selected will be published. The Committee will provide the editorial guidelines for all papers to be published. Depending on the amount of selected materials and resources available will be publishing one or more thematic books.
Emmanuel joined the UVIc School of Public Administration in 2001. He was the Jean Monnet Chair in European Urban and Border Region Policy (2014-16), then Jean Monnet Chair in Innovative Governance (2017-20) and is currently Jean Monnet Chair in European Union Policy and Governance (2021-24). Alongside being the Director of BIG (2013-20), he is also the Director of the European Union Jean Monnet Center and the Jean Monnet Network research programs (2013-19).
His Research Interests include comparative and policy relevant research, comparative urban and borders studies, policies, politics and governance, comparative border and migration studies, and policy governance.
University of Ottawa Press
Borderlands: Comparing Border Security In North America and Europe
This book argues that the nature of borders is to be porous, which is a problem for security policy makers. It shows that when for economic, cultural, or political reasons human activities increase across a border and borderland, governments need to increase cooperation and collaboration with regard to security policies, if only to avoid implementing mismatched security policies.
University of Toronto Press
European Union Governance and Policy Making: A Canadian Perspective
European Union Governance and Policy Making introduces Canadian students to the politics of the EU. Divided into three parts, the collection examines its political system (history, theories, institutions), specific policies, and some of the challenges that the EU currently faces. Geared toward students who are learning about the EU in Canadian classrooms, the text integrates Canadian content and examples to demonstrate how Canada compares to the EU. It discusses current issues such as the refugee crisis and the rise of populism, Brexit, and plans for deepening European integration in the wake of the Euro Area financial crisis. The introduction defines core themes and each chapter returns to these themes, creating structure and coherence.
Borders and Bordering in Atlantic Canada
Victor Konrad and Randy Widdis | BIG Books | 2021
Borders and borderlands are the results of bordering, a process that produces both integration and differentiation and convergence and divergence among territories and peoples. The chapters in this collection present selective interpretations of borders, bordering and borderlands that focus on Atlantic Canada. Collectively, these essays offer some regional fundamentals—ports, governance, historical constructs, trade patterns—as well as some innovative studies on bordering in the region. As such, the book addresses the underlying themes of Borders in Globalization: culture, flows, governance, history, security and sustainability.
Borders and Bordering in Atlantic Canada
Edited by Victor Konrad and Randy Widdis.
BIG_Books Series, #1, 2021
The First Century of the International Joint Commission
Murray Clamen and Daniel Macfarlane | University of Calgary Press | 2020
The International Joint Commission oversees and protects the shared waters of Canada and the United States. Created by the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909, it is one of the world’s oldest international environmental bodies. A pioneering piece of transborder water governance, the IJC has been integral to the modern Canada-United States relationship.
This is the definitive history of the International Joint Commission. Separating myth from reality and uncovering the historical evolution of the IJC from its inception to its present, this collection features an impressive interdisciplinary group of scholars and practitioners.
Examining the many aspects of border waters from east to west The First Century of the International Joint Commission traces the three major periods of the IJC, detailing its early focus on water flow, its middle period of growth and increasing politicization, and its modern emphasis on ecosystems.
Informative, detailed, and fascinating, The First Century of the International Joint Commission is essential reading for academics, contemporary policy makers, governments, and all those interested in sustainability, climate change, pollution, and resiliency along the Canada-US Border.
This open access book will be available for (free) download or (physical) purchase in December 2019.