Student Spotlight – Jules Soupault
PhD Student Fellow – University of Victoria
Jules Soupault (he/him) left his hometown of Toulouse (France) to pursue his doctorate at the University of Victoria, on W̱SÁNEĆ & Lək̓ʷəŋən territories. He is inspired and influenced by movements of solidarity without borders, anarchist companions, and beloved friends. In his doctoral research, he aims to contribute to abolitionist practices and ideas by “studying up” the (re)production of (b)orders. His dissertation project focuses on state-sponsored violence and the integration of policing across borders in North America and Europe. He joined the BIG team in 2021 and has developed indicators for the Dyad Database to grasp the politics and management of “security” at a global scale.
What is your current research project, and how does it address borders in the 21st century?
My doctoral dissertation is about the integration of cross-border policing. This practice began in the late 1980s in specific places like the US-Canada or the France-United-Kingdom borders (the cases I study). Today, these cooperation mechanisms between police agencies across a border have become the “best practice” and are promoted by international organizations so that they might be the border of the 21st century. My dissertation is also about situating this contemporary evolution in the development of state and police institutions, whose historical functions are establishing and maintaining a settler-colonial and racial capitalist (b)order.
What motivated you to pursue this project?
My motivation comes from all the people around me. My ideas about what I want to do with my dissertation have emerged from a combination of my personal experiences of activism, night-long discussions with brilliant friends and comrades, and influential readings from authors they have recommended, such as Harsha Walia, Mariame Kaba, Étienne Balibar, to only cite three of them. Also, I would not have had the chance and resources to be able to conduct this project without the help and trust of my supervisor, Pr. Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly.
Where do you see your project having the most impact?
From a no-border activist perspective, I think it is essential to understand the transformations of border regimes because they affect everyone’s vision, strategies, and practices. This is also why I chose to conduct research that “study-up” (Nader, 1969), meaning that I will look at the institutions through which borders are produced (rather than studying people who resist them). The violence of borders and policing impacts people in more ways than I can describe, and I hope that knowing how it is enabled contributes to the efforts and success of people who want to dismantle them, regardless of their position.
What has your fellowship with BIG allowed you to do that you might not have done otherwise?
The Border in Globalization program allowed me to meet with incredible students and professors interested in discussing borders who come from different perspectives, interests, methods, cosmologies, places, and horizons. In terms of experience, BIG is also an amazing opportunity to be involved in summer schools, research projects, conferences, and barbeques. I am working on the Dyads database, where I can work on my quantitative skills and research interests while also contributing to creating and collecting data on border issues in the hope of bolstering and facilitating further research.
What are your plans for after your PhD?
What is one non-academic book that you think everybody should read and why?
As We exist (Comme nous existons), by Kaoutar Harchi, is, by her description, a “postcolonial autobiography.” It is an incredibly moving, powerful, and intelligent book that I wish I had read before. She combines multiple narrative lenses to tell her story; from the intimacy of the family to her political and critical vision of events happening in 2000’s France, such as the “veil ban,” the death Zyed and Bouna provoked by the police, interweaving these stories and showing how all these experiences have fed her revolutionary politics.
A World Anthology of Border Poetry
Natasha Sardzoska and Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly
This multilingual anthology presents the works of poets from around the world, showcasing the state of the art and distinct contributions of poetry to literary criticism and dissent. Beyond the social sciences and humanities, the book points to the importance of poetry for the fields of inquiry into borderlands and frontiers as intersectional and relational human experiences. The poems invite the reader to explore innovative approaches to reading and writing borders, those that transcend language within their conventional semiology of boundary transgression.
A World Anthology of Border Poetry
Edited by Natasha Sardzoska and Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly.
BIG_Books Series, #2, 2022
Academic Partner – Laval University
Frédéric Lasserre holds a Master of Commerce (ESC Lyon, 1990), an MBA (York U., Toronto, 1991), a DEA in Geopolitics (U. Paris VIII, 1992) and a Ph.D. in Geography (U. Saint-Étienne, France, 1996).
He worked as a consultant with the European Observatory of Geopolitics (OEG, Lyon, France) on the political and economic transformations of Central and Eastern Europe after the fall of the Berlin Wall, then as a foreign language instructor in Japan, then as Advisor in International Affairs on Asian Desks at the Quebec Ministry of Trade and Industry; and then with Investissement Québec, the Crown corporation responsible for the promotion of foreign investment in Quebec.
He is Professor since 2001 in the Department of Geography at Laval University (Quebec City). He acted as Project Director with the international ArcticNet research network. He is also researcher with the Ecole Supérieure d’Études Internationales (ESEI) and chairs the Conseil québécois d’Études géopolitiques (Quebec Council for Geopolitical Studies, CQEG) at Laval University.
With his book L’éveil du dragon. Les défis du développement de la Chine au XXIe siècle (Presses de l’Université du Québec) [The awakening of the dragon. The challenges of development in China in the 21st century], he won the HEC Best Business Book Award 2006.
He conducted extensive research in the field of Arctic geopolitics, water management, transport geopolitics and maritime borders, enabling him to publish more than 150 peer-reviewed papers and 27 books.
Academic Partner – École nationale d’Administration publique
Stéphane Roussel is Professor of Political Science at Ecole nationale d’Administration publique (ENAP). From 2002 to 2012, he was Professor at the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM). He held the Canada Research Chair in Canadian Foreign and Defence Policy. He graduated from Université de Montréal (Ph. D., 1999).
Dr Roussel was President of the ISA Canada section in 2004-2005 and the Quebec Association of Political Science (SQSP) in 2010-2011. He is a member of several research groups and networks, including the Centre Interuniversitaire de recherche sur les Relations internationales du Canada et du Québec (CIRRICQ – based at ENAP), the Canadian Defence and Security Network (CSDN – Carleton University), the Observatoire de la politique et de la sécurité dans l’Arctique (OPSA – ENAP), Border in Globalization (BIG – University of Victoria), and the North American and Arctic Defence and Security Network (NAADSN – Trent University).
His research interests relate to Canadian foreign and defence policy, with particular emphasis on the relations with the United States and European countries. He has also developed an expertise in related fields, such as international relations theory and military history. Dr Roussel has published several articles and books related to these themes, including The Politics of Canadian Foreign Policy, Pearson Canada, 2015 (with Kim Richard Nossal and Stéphane Paquin).
He currently directs two research programs entitled “Competing Views of Emerging Challenges in the Arctic”, and “Quebec’s Strategic Culture”.
Call for Proposals: XV International Congress on Regional Integration, Borders and Globalization in the American Continent
Monday, June 15, 2015 (All day)
Proposals to participate in the XV International Congress on Regional Integration, Borders and Globalization in the American Continent are currently being accepted.
The congress will be held jointly with the IV International Congress of Border Cities On 28, 29 and 30 October 2015 At the Institute of Social Sciences and Management Autonomous University of Ciudad Juárez (UACJ) In Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México
DESCRIPTION: The International Congress on Regional Integration, Borders and Globalization in the American Continent has been since 1996 a space that encourages critical reflection in order to contribute to a greater understanding of our reality. It has also fostered action research and the construction of a critical stands vis-à-vis the most pressing problems of the American continent. To continue this reflection, its 15th Congress is jointly held with the 4th International Conference on Border Cities, held since 2009 at the Autonomous University of Ciudad Juárez (UACJ). This joint conference seeks to integrate various discussions and debates which have taken place for nearly twenty years through our project and research program on Regional Integration, Borders and Globalization in the Americas. This conference’s purpose is primarily to establish new mechanisms for interdisciplinary teamwork and comparative work. On this occasion, we seek to emphasize a critical view of the concept of borders and their economic, political, social, psychological, cultural, legal and territorial manifestations. Further, we seek to question the very existence of borders in a globalized world. This conference will include a visit to the border town of El Paso, Texas. The call for proposals includes papers, roundtable discussions, full panels, book presentations, video conferences, documentaries and academic exchanges with open discussions on the following
- THE PROCESS OF REGIONAL INTEGRATION IN FRONT OF THE GLOBAL CRISIS
- Regional integration, free trade and globalization
- Productive and service sectors in globalization
- Neoliberalism, globalization and limits of national sovereignty
- Political and geopolitical thinking of globalization and integration
- FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS AND GEOSTRATEGY
- Regionalization and extraction of strategic natural resources
- Regional integration, megaprojects and environmental impacts
- The emergence of new integration processes in the region
- MILITARIZATION AND REGIONAL SECURITY
- Militarization, armaments and repression
- Regional security and multidimensional security
- “War on Terror and the “War on Drugs”
- Insecurity and organized crime
- MIGRATION, FORCED DISPLACEMENT AND REFUGEES
- New migration flows
- Forced migration and human trafficking
- Displacement of peoples and exile
- Refugee Policies
- NEW SOCIAL MOVEMENTS AND EXPERIENCES OF ORGANIZATION
- Ethnicities in the face of globalization
- Emerging social networks
- Social conflict and resistance
- THE BORDERS IN THE FACE OF INTEGRATION
- Borders as global and transnational spaces
- Regional integration, cooperation and border development
- Economic transactions and cross-border labor markets
- The construction of cross-border social networks
- SECURITY AND BORDER MILITARIZATION
- Borders and bio-politics
- Border Crossing Controls
- Material expressions of border security (walls, canals, fences, prisons and detention centers, etc.)
- Dehumanization of borders and democratic responses to terrorism and insecurity
- CROSS-BORDER CULTURE
- Culture, history and border narratives
- New identities and cross-border subjects
- Border, inter-ethnic territories and ethno-development
- Universal citizenship, cosmopolitanism and cross-border mobility
- Cultural heritage and border landscape
- BORDER CITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
- Political processes and public policy
- Violence and Public Safety
- Environment, public health and welfare
- Social vulnerability on the borders
- CONSTRUCTING AN AGENDA OF CRITICAL STUDIES OF THE BORDER
- Construction, de-construction and reconstruction of the concept of borders
- Internal and external Borders (borders within borders)
- Boundaries within the nation-state
- Examine the impact of the global economic crises on the political and social landscape in the Western Hemisphere
- Develop networks to analyze ways of working jointly on globalization and borders
- Provide methodological tools to articulate resistance processes and reflection on regional integration alternatives
- Strengthen the link social movements—academia
- Encourage and promote comparative approaches between countries in the region to discuss common issues
- Promote the study and critical reflection of the concepts of borders and boundaries as well as knowledge of the social reality of the border cities
PARTICIPANTS Researchers, teachers, students, activists and members of civil society organizations
PRACTICAL INFORMATION Transportation, accommodations and food costs will be paid by the participants. Because the campus of the Autonomous University of Ciudad Juárez is located in an area where food services (restaurants) are not close by, the Local Organizing Committee agreed to retain the services of a restaurant which will provide meals at a cost of $ 30.00 (thirty US dollars) or $ 400.00 (four hundred pesos) for the three days. A participant wishing to utilize this service must pay all $400 pesos upon registration. At the end of the congress, there will be a visit to the border town of El Paso, Texas. The costs shall also be paid for by the participants. Please send a note next to the abstract of the paper if you are interested in this activity. All participants are responsible for having a valid visa issued by the United States to cross the border.
DEADLINE FOR ABSTRACTS Please, turn in your proposals by June 15, 2015, with an extension of one page maximum, double spacing, Times New Roman 12 font. The deadline to receive submissions for those interested in publishing their paper in a Memory CD version of the conference is September 30, 2015. The length of the paper is 20-25 pages, double spacing, Times New Roman 12 front, in Word format. The deadline for submission of papers to the Organizing Committee for its review and possible publication in a book is December 5, 2015. Please send abstracts and papers to the following three addresses:
- Dr. Juan Manuel Sandoval Palacios: [email protected]
- Dr. Hector Padilla Antonio Delgado: [email protected]
- Dr. Consuelo Pequeño. [email protected]
Publication of papers in the book: The papers will be submitted to a review committee and those that are selected will be published. The Committee will provide the editorial guidelines for all papers to be published. Depending on the amount of selected materials and resources available will be publishing one or more thematic books.
Emmanuel joined the UVIc School of Public Administration in 2001. He was the Jean Monnet Chair in European Urban and Border Region Policy (2014-16), then Jean Monnet Chair in Innovative Governance (2017-20) and is currently Jean Monnet Chair in European Union Policy and Governance (2021-24). Alongside being the Director of BIG (2013-20), he is also the Director of the European Union Jean Monnet Center and the Jean Monnet Network research programs (2013-19).
His Research Interests include comparative and policy relevant research, comparative urban and borders studies, policies, politics and governance, comparative border and migration studies, and policy governance.
University of Ottawa Press
Borderlands: Comparing Border Security In North America and Europe
This book argues that the nature of borders is to be porous, which is a problem for security policy makers. It shows that when for economic, cultural, or political reasons human activities increase across a border and borderland, governments need to increase cooperation and collaboration with regard to security policies, if only to avoid implementing mismatched security policies.
University of Toronto Press
European Union Governance and Policy Making: A Canadian Perspective
European Union Governance and Policy Making introduces Canadian students to the politics of the EU. Divided into three parts, the collection examines its political system (history, theories, institutions), specific policies, and some of the challenges that the EU currently faces. Geared toward students who are learning about the EU in Canadian classrooms, the text integrates Canadian content and examples to demonstrate how Canada compares to the EU. It discusses current issues such as the refugee crisis and the rise of populism, Brexit, and plans for deepening European integration in the wake of the Euro Area financial crisis. The introduction defines core themes and each chapter returns to these themes, creating structure and coherence.
Borders and Bordering in Atlantic Canada
Victor Konrad and Randy Widdis | BIG Books | 2021
Borders and borderlands are the results of bordering, a process that produces both integration and differentiation and convergence and divergence among territories and peoples. The chapters in this collection present selective interpretations of borders, bordering and borderlands that focus on Atlantic Canada. Collectively, these essays offer some regional fundamentals—ports, governance, historical constructs, trade patterns—as well as some innovative studies on bordering in the region. As such, the book addresses the underlying themes of Borders in Globalization: culture, flows, governance, history, security and sustainability.
Borders and Bordering in Atlantic Canada
Edited by Victor Konrad and Randy Widdis.
BIG_Books Series, #1, 2021
The First Century of the International Joint Commission
Murray Clamen and Daniel Macfarlane | University of Calgary Press | 2020
The International Joint Commission oversees and protects the shared waters of Canada and the United States. Created by the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909, it is one of the world’s oldest international environmental bodies. A pioneering piece of transborder water governance, the IJC has been integral to the modern Canada-United States relationship.
This is the definitive history of the International Joint Commission. Separating myth from reality and uncovering the historical evolution of the IJC from its inception to its present, this collection features an impressive interdisciplinary group of scholars and practitioners.
Examining the many aspects of border waters from east to west The First Century of the International Joint Commission traces the three major periods of the IJC, detailing its early focus on water flow, its middle period of growth and increasing politicization, and its modern emphasis on ecosystems.
Informative, detailed, and fascinating, The First Century of the International Joint Commission is essential reading for academics, contemporary policy makers, governments, and all those interested in sustainability, climate change, pollution, and resiliency along the Canada-US Border.
This open access book will be available for (free) download or (physical) purchase in December 2019.
Borders in Globalization Partnership Grant (2013-2020)
About the program:
The Borders in Globalization program began in 2013 thanks to a seven-year Social Science and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) Partnership Grant. In addition to funding from SSHRC, our academic partners contributed matching funding and our non-academic partners provided cash and in-kind support. This project was directed by Dr. Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly at the University of Victoria (Victoria, Canada) and was co-directed by Dr. Victor Konrad from Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada). The academic partnership consisted of ten university partners: Carleton, école Nationale d’Administration Publique, Lethbridge, Ottawa, Regina, RMCC, Sherbrooke, Trent, Université du Québec à Montréal, and Wilfrid Laurier; and eleven from around the world: Autonomous University of Ciudad Juárez (Mexico), Ben-Gurion University (Israel), Radboud University (The Netherlands), Queen’s University Belfast, University of Eastern Finland, Université de Grenoble (France), University of Luxembourg, University of Southern Denmark, The University at Buffalo (SUNY), and Western Washington University.
The Borders in Globalization (BIG) Research Partnership sought to understand the changing nature of borders through six thematic areas (culture, flows, governance, history, sustainability, security). Our outstanding colleagues, located across Canada and around the world, documented how state-centered and territorially-fixated research limits our understanding of borders. We worked with policy makers through summer institutes, conferences, policy forums, and participated in their own activities to present our comparative and policy relevant research. Over its lifespan, BIG trained and mentored about 100 senior undergraduate, graduate and postdoctoral fellows; organized 11 summer institutes and three major international conferences; and produced over 100 scholarly publications and policy briefs, dozens of videos, and an ongoing open online course. These activities resulted in a strong partnership and relationships between our academic and non-academic teams who have now been working together constructively for several years. For example, a direct result of BIG is an ongoing partnership between the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) and the University of Victoria. This partnership features the inclusion of CBSA policy questions into coursework, the development of policy-relevant research questions for student research, and a UVic-CBSA co-hosted summer school bringing together policy-makers, public/private sector actors, academics, and students. With the funding from SSHRC, we were able to leverage over $1.8 million other funds from partners around the world, including several grants from the European Commission’s Jean Monnet Programme. Partnerships and collaborations established across our network during BIG continue into the future, including an innovative online open-source journal, The BIG_Review. BIG_Review provides a forum for academic and creative explorations of borders in the 21st century. BIG_Review publishes scholarship (academic articles, essays, research notes, book reviews, and film reviews) as well as artwork (photography, painting, poetry, short stories, and more). The journal is committed to academic peer review, public access, policy relevance, and cultural significance.
The original Borders in Globalization (BIG) partnership was an innovative, integrative, and sustainable network of academic partners from Canada, the United States, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, which was engaged with non-academic organizations that are involved in the management of borders and borderlands in Canada and worldwide. Border studies are global in reach, and so we ground our core partnership in Canada and associate with key research centers worldwide. This provided support for a global policy-research agenda that serves Canadian interests.
The goal was to build excellence in the knowledge and understanding of borders. To this end, the partners worked together to create new policy and foster knowledge transfer in order to address such globalization forces as security, trade and migration flows, and also to understand the forces of technology, self-determination and regionalization that are affecting borders and borderlands in regions around the world. Our program of research placed Canadian scholars at the core of an international partnership, with the objectives of developing policy and knowledge from an international perspective and thus developing professional and academic training. A central tool to this end was round-tables between policy makers and academics that inform all our work from its inception; Round-tables lead to research, policy forums, summer schools, conferences, policy reports, briefs and books, and inform both theory and practice related to orders.
Our research was interdisciplinary across all social sciences, and was organized around a few critical themes that frame key discussions: self-determination, governance complexity, local culture, political clout, market and migration flows, and borders in motion. Policy makers, policy activists and social scientists needed more than the existing partial – narrowly defined or territorially limited – explanations of border issues that are available. They needed to go beyond, for example, the study of the internal and external borders of the European Union or the study of the maritime borders of Japan. This research program moved the field forward by developing a global scholarship to theoretical conceptual thinking on borders, while privileging the practical issues that policy-makers face daily.
You can view all events and outputs from this project on the events and outputs page. You can find more information on each research themes including research questions and background information at the links below. The regional studies covered each of the six themes and the goal of each regional study was to be comparable across regions and remain policy relevant within each region.
We are currently drafting our final report. Expected publication date: Winter 2022.
The Borders in Globalization research partnership included over 100 scholars from around the world working with us on our research agenda. We would like to thank them all for their contributions to the Borders in Globalization grant and to helping further the field of border studies.
Akihiro Iwashita (Hokkaido University, Japan); Amael Cattaruzza (Centre de recherches des Ecoles de Coëtquidan, France); Barry Prentice (University of Manitoba); Ben Muller (King’s College, University of Western Ontario); Bernard Reitel (Institut des Frontières et des Discontinuités (IFD), Université d’Artois, France); Beverly Diamond (Memorial University); Bidisha Biswas (Western Washington University, USA); Brennan Gillis (Mitacs, Atlantic); Bruno Dupeyron (University of Regina); Cathal McCall (Queen’s University, Belfast, Northern Ireland); Cedric Parizot (Aix-Marseille University, France); Charles-Philippe David (L’Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)); Christopher Kukucha (University of Lethbridge); Colin Howell (Saint Mary’s University); Dan Lynch (Dalhousie University); Danny Blair (University of Winnipeg); David Atkinson (Purdue University, USA); David Black (Dalhousie University); David Davidson (Western Washington University, USA); David Good (University of Victoria); David Grondin (University of Ottawa); David Long (Carleton University); David Miller (University of Regina); Donna Townley (University of Lethbridge); Doug Ramsey (Brandon University); Edward Boyle (Kyushu University, Japan); Emily Gilbert (University of Toronto); Evelyn Mayer (Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany); Heather Exner-Pirot (University of Saskatchewan); Francois Moullé (Institut des Frontières et des Discontinuités (IFD), Université d’Artois, France); Frédéric Giraut (Université de Genève, Switzerland); Frédéric Lasserre (Université Laval); Greg Anderson (University of Alberta); Grégory Hamez (Université de Lorraine, France); Guy Saez (Sciences Po Grenoble, France); Hastings Donnan (Queen’s University, Belfast, Northern Ireland); Heidi Weigand (Saint Mary’s University); Himanshu Grover (State University New York, Buffalo, USA); James Scott (University of Eastern Finland, Finland); JC Boucher (Dalhousie University); Jeff Corntassel (University of Victoria); Jennifer Andrews (University of New Brunswick); Jessica Shadian (University of Lapland, Finland); Jill Hobbs (University of Saskatchewan); Jill Kerr (University of Saskatchewan); Jiyoung Park (SUNY Buffalo); Joël Plouffe (L’Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)); John Lehr (University of Winnipeg); John Reid (Saint Mary’s University); John Schoales (Ontario Ministry of Tourism, Culture, and Sport); Joseph Nyemah (Nova Scotia Economic, Rural, Tourism Development); Cedric Juillet (Trent University); Kathryn Friedman (SUNY Buffalo); Katy Hayward (Queen’s University, Belfast, Northern Ireland); Kevin Quigley (Dalhousie University); Laetitia Rouviere (Carleton University); Lassi Heininen (University of Lapland, Finland); Laura MacDonald (Carleton University); Lee Rodney (University of Windsor); Marie-Christine Fourny (Université Joseph Fourier (Grenoble 1), France); Martin Geiger (Carleton University); Martin Pratt (Bordermap Consulting); Matthew Schnurr (Dalhousie University); Melissa Kelly (Carleton University -former BIG Post-Doc); Michael Darroch (University of Windsor); Michael Ircha (Carleton University); Oliver Schmidtke (University of Victoria); Paul Storer (Western Washington University); Peter Nyers (McMaster University); Peter Stoett (Concordia University); Richard Mueller (University of Lethbridge); Rob Huebert (University of Calgary); Rob McInnes (Port of Halifax); Robert Lecker (McGill University); Robert Young (University of Western Ontario); Rod Dobell (University of Victoria); Ron Williamson (ASI); Ross Burkhart (Boise State University); Ruben Zaiotti (Dalhousie University); Sarah Mekdjian (Universite Pierre-Mendes France, France); Sarah Zell (University of British Columbia); Stephane Paquin (ENAP); Steven Schwinghammer (Pier 21 Immigration Museum); Susan Gray (Arizona State); Suzanne Lalonde (Université de Montréal); Thomas Cantens (World Customs Organization); Tim Porter (Council of Atlantic Premiers); Todd Hately (Royal Military College); Whitney Lackenbauer (University of Waterloo); William Anderson (University of Windsor); William Kerr (University of Saskatchewan); William Straw (McGill University); William Walters (Carleton University); Yale Belanger (University of Lethbridge); Yukari Takai (York University).
Funders & Academic Partners