All BIG funded research that has been published by a secondary publisher is listed below with links.


British Columbia’s Borders in GlobalizationBritish Columbia’s Borders in Globalization

Nicole Bates-Eamer and Helga Hallgrimsdottir. (2022). British Columbia’s Borders in Globalization. Routledge. Order here

The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Borderlands Studies. This book is a case-study collection examining the influences and functions of British Columbia’s (BC) borders in the 21st century; it examines bordering processes and the causes and effects of borders in the Cascadian region, from the perspective of BC. The chapters cover diverse topics including historical border disputes and cannabis culture and identity; the governance of transboundary water flows, migration, and pre-clearance policies for goods and people; and the emerging issue of online communities. The case studies provide examples that highlight the simultaneous but contradictory trends regarding borders in BC: while boundaries and bordering processes at the external borders shift away from the territorial boundary lines, self-determination, local politics, and cultural identities re-inscribe internal boundaries and borders that are both virtual and real. Moreover, economic protectionism, racial discourses, and xenophobic narratives, driven by advances in technology, reinforce the territorial dimensions of borders. These case studies contribute to the literature challenging the notion that territorial borders are sufficient for understanding how borders function in BC; and in a few instances they illustrate the nuanced ways in which borders (or bordering processes) are becoming detached from territory.

Canada's Fluid BordersCanada's Fluid Borders: Trade, Investment, Travel, Migration

Geoffrey Hale and Greg Anderson. (2021). Canada's Fluid Borders: Trade, Investment, Travel, Migration. University of Ottawa Press: Ottawa. Order here

Trade and investment policies face a changing geopolitical environment. They also face challenges from the interactions and limits of Canada’s multiple trade agreements with other countries. 

These challenges take on varied forms in different sectors that involve the bordering of energy trade, food safety, and related environmental and public health issues. Similarly, bordering dynamics differ significantly for cross border flows of tourism, skilled labour, and irregular migration.

This book uncovers and analyzes factors that govern economic activity and human interaction across Canada’s “fluid” border. The contributors to this collection engage major domestic political, technical, and administrative factors that shape the conditions for and constraints on effective international policy and regulatory cooperation.

Anthropocene GeopoliticsAnthropocene Geopolitics. Globalization, Security, Sustainability

Simon Dalby. (2020). Anthropocene Geopolitics. Globalization, Security, Sustainability. University of Ottawa Press: Ottawa. Order hereWe now find ourselves in a new geological age: the Anthropocene. The climate is changing and species are disappearing at a rate not seen since Earth’s major extinctions. The rapid, large-scale changes caused by fossil-fuel powered globalization increasingly threaten societies in new, unforeseen ways.
But most security policies continue to be built on notions that look backward to a time when geopolitical threats derived mainly from the rivalries of states with fixed boundaries. Instead, Anthropocene Geopolitics shows that security policy must look forward to quickly shape a sustainable world no longer dependent on fossil fuels.
A future of long-term peace and geopolitical security depends on keeping the earth in conditions roughly similar to those we have known throughout history. Minimizing disruptions that would further put civilization at risk of extinction urgently requires policies that reflect new Anthropocene “planetary boundaries.”

Read Dr. Leonhardt van Efferink's summary of Simon's book on

This is the first of several BIG publications forthcoming with the University of Ottawa Press. Order it online!

The First Century of the International Joint Commission

Murray Clamen and Daniel Macfarlane, (eds). (2020). The First Century of the International Joint Commission. University of Calgary Press: Calgary.

This open access book will be available for (free) download or (physical) purchase in December 2019.

The International Joint Commission oversees and protects the shared waters of Canada and the United States. Created by the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909, it is one of the world’s oldest international environmental bodies. A pioneering piece of transborder water governance, the IJC has been integral to the modern Canada-United States relationship.
This is the definitive history of the International Joint Commission. Separating myth from reality and uncovering the historical evolution of the IJC from its inception to its present, this collection features an impressive interdisciplinary group of scholars and practitioners. Examining the many aspects of border waters from east to west The First Century of the International Joint Commission traces the three major periods of the IJC, detailing its early focus on water flow, its middle period of growth and increasing politicization, and its modern emphasis on ecosystems.
Informative, detailed, and fascinating, The First Century of the International Joint Commission is essential reading for academics, contemporary policy makers, governments, and all those interested in sustainability, climate change, pollution, and resiliency along the Canada-US Border. 

The Networked North: Borders and Borderlands in the Canadian Arctic Region

Heather Nicol and P. Whitney Lackenbauer, eds. (2017). The Networked North: Borders and Borderlands in the Canadian Arctic Region. Edited book with Heather Nicol. Waterloo: Borders in Globalization/Centre on Foreign Policy and Federalism. vi, 198 pp.

The Networked North identifies and addresses key lenses for understanding cross-border cooperation in the North American Arctic under conditions of globalization, climate change and changing international relations. Each chapter focuses upon a particular theme influencing cross border relationships, such as historical legacies, cultural relationships, cross-border flows of people and goods, security arrangements, governance practices and sustainability challenges. Twelve short chapters systematically define the ways in which Arctic and sub-Arctic borderlands are uniquely situated within processes of climate change, devolution, globalization, resurgent indigeneity, and neo-realist geopolitical processes. All authors acknowledge how the North has been reterritorialized by each of these processes in ways that encourage the networked nature of sovereignty and territoriality.

Bordering on Brexit: Views from Local Communities in the Central Border Region of Ireland / Northern Ireland

Katy Hayward. (2017). Bordering on Brexit: Views from Local Communities in the Central Border Region of Ireland / Northern Ireland. Queen's University Belfast.

This report was produced by the Centre for International Borders Research, Queen’s University Belfast on behalf of the Irish Central Border Area Network (ICBAN) of local authorities in eight councils across both sides of the Irish border. The study used an online survey and focus groups to gather the views of citizens in the Central Border Region of Ireland/Northern Ireland regarding Brexit.


Journal Special Issues

Cover image Special Section: Borders, borderlands, and bordering in Canada: The Canadian Geographer: Vol 63, No 1 Spring 2019

The papers in this special issue of The Canadian Geographer / Le géographe canadien elucidate the state of contemporary borders in a world of flows and mobilities, a world where the territoriality of states’ boundary lines is continually challenged by the multiple forms that borders take. The border as “territorial trap” defined by Agnew (1994) has morphed into multiple forms—from boundary line to the fluid limits of transportation systems and regimes of rights. These rights regimes are exceptions to states and provide shelter in cities, or they are regimes of rights that grant free and pre‐cleared flows of goods in and out of countries. They have roots in time‐honoured and formative approaches to human organization and interaction across boundaries of language and other aspects of culture and politics. They align with Indigenous approaches to territoriality and also a‐territorial global rights (United Nations 2007, 2018). And, they may prove critical in navigating the altered geographies of the Anthropocene.

Approaching borders, creating borderland spaces, and exploring the evolving borders between Canada and the United States
Victor Konrad, Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly

Railways and borderlands spaces: The Canada-US case
Randy Widdis

Frontiérités québécoises : Représentations de la zone transfrontalière québéco‐américaine au Congrès des États‐Unis, 2001–2016
Vincent Boucher, Christophe Cloutier‐Roy, Élisabeth Vallet

Unravelling identities on archaeological borderlands: Late Woodland Western Basin and Ontario Iroquoian Traditions in the Lower Great Lakes region
Amy St. John, Neal Ferris

Entre souveraineté indigène et sécurité nationale : Négocier la sécurité frontalière et la culture Mohawk à Akwesasne
Laetitia Rouvière

Cross‐border freight movements in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Region, with insights from passive GPS data
William P. Anderson, Hanna F. Maoh, Kevin Gingerich

Sanctuary Inter/rupted : Borders, illegalization, and unbelonging
Mitra Fakhrashrafi, Jessica P. Kirk, Emily Gilbert

Canadian geopolitical culture: Climate change and sustainability
Simon Dalby


The collective research for this issue received financial support from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (Partnership Grant 895‐2012‐1022), and from the universities of each of the contributors. We wish to thank Nadine Schuurman and The Canadian Geographer / Le géographe canadien for interest in a special section on borders, and commitment to working with us to bring the project to publication. A special thanks to editorial assistant Ellen Randall for her constant support, vigilance, and efficiency. Thank you as well to all of the anonymous reviewers who provided comments and suggestions to improve the papers. Additional specific and detailed acknowledgements accompany the papers.


Journal of Borderlands Studies Special Section: Alberta, Canada - Integrating Fragmented Borders and Borderlands: Vol 34 No 2: Spring 2019

This issue of Journal of Borderlands Studies examines the context of Alberta: Canada’s fourth largest province by population and third largest in economic terms. Landlocked Alberta is a dynamic, heavily urbanized yet largely resource-driven economy which has experienced considerable economic diversification since the 1980s. The province’s major export sectors, particularly its energy and agri-food sectors, have been transformed by changes to wider regulatory and market structures, major technological innovations, and the opportunities and pressures arising from global and North American commodity price cycles. These shifts have prompted large-scale movements of people and capital, creating substantial ripple effects in both larger and smaller Canadian jurisdictions. However, they have also provoked and been caught up in countervailing social and political tensions across North America with broader implications transcending provincial or national boundaries.

Borders in Globalization: Alberta in a BiG Context
Greg Anderson and Geoffrey Hale

Borders Near and Far: The Economic, Geographic and Regulatory Contexts for Trade and Border-Related Issues in Landlocked Alberta
Geoffrey Hale

Borders, Boundaries, and the Politics of Petroleum Pipelines
Ian Urquhart

Alberta's Oil Sands Manufacturing Supply-Chain Imports: Evaluating Borders, Boundaries and Borderlands​ 
Christopher J. Kukucha

Shifting Figurative, Functional and Operational Borders: The Multiple Worlds of Agri-Food Trade and Border Regimes 
Kevin Wipf

Water Stewardship and Rescaling Management of Transboundary Rivers in the Alberta-Montana Borderlands 
Yale D. Belanger

Managing the Regulatory Tangle: Critical Infrastructure Security and Distributed Governance in Alberta’s Major Traded Sectors 
Geoffrey Hale and Cailin Bartlett


 Journal of Borderlands Studies Special Issue: The Arctic: Vol 33 No 2: Spring 2018

In this thematic issue, six papers and three short commentaries investigate the evolving nature of borders in the Arctic in an era of climate change and globalization. Together, they illustrate how processes unique to the Arctic, such as sea ice melt and Inuit self-governance, tell a larger story about the co-evolving relationship of people and the environment, and the physical and constructed borders that give them meaning. Arctic human–environment relations are embedded in distinct histories and materialities in which border-making is understood as a multi-scalar arena of subnational and transnational actors, rather than the exclusive domain of the state. At the same time, the Arctic is shaped by powerful agents of change whose impacts span national borders and reconfigure environmental barriers. The papers in this issue reveal the ways in which Arctic climatic, political, economic, and demographic change amount to a transformation in thinking about Arctic borders and bordered spaces. We hope that the Arctic case will stimulate further investigation in borderlands around the world undergoing similarly transformative changes to physical and human systems.

Confronting Borders in the Arctic
Scott Stephenson

Global Arctic
Klaus Dodds

Finding the Global Arctic
Jessica Shadian

The “Global Arctic” as a New Geopolitical Context and Method
Lassi Heininen and Matthias Finger

Navigating Political Borders Old and New: The Territoriality of Indigenous Inuit Governance
Jessica Shadian

(Un)frozen Spaces: Exploring the Role of Sea Ice in the Marine Socio-legal Spaces of the Bering and Beaufort Seas
Kristen Shake, Karen Frey, Deborah Martin, Philip Steinberg

Rescaling Borders of Investment: The Arctic Council and the Economic Development Policies
Heather Nicol

Drawing Boundaries in the Beaufort Sea: Different Visions/Different Needs
Rob Huebert

Singapore: The “Global City” in a Globalizing Arctic
Mia Bennett

Challenges of Sea Ice Prediction for Arctic Marine Policy and Planning
Scott Stephenson and Rebecca Pincus

Journal Articles and Book Chapters


Dalby, S. "Bordering sustainability in the Anthropocene." Territory, Politics, Governance 8, no. 2 (2020), 144-160.


Bates-Eamer, N. "Border and Migration Controls and Migrant Precarity in the Context of Climate Change." Social Sciences 8, no. 7 (2019), 198. 

Baltutis, William Jesse., and Michele-Lee Moore. "Whose Border? Contested Geographies and Columbia River Treaty Modernization." Journal of Borderlands Studies (2019).

Dalby, Simon. “Anthropocene Discourse: Geopolitics after Environment.” In Handbook of the Changing World Language Map, edited by Stanley D Brunn and Roland Kehrein. New York City: Springer  International Publishing, 2019.

Dalby, Simon., Susan Horton, Rianne Mahon and Diana Thomaz. “Climage Change, Security and Sustainability.” Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals: Global Governance Challenges.  Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge, 2019.

Finnsson, Ari. “Border Disputes and Identity in Anglophone British Columbia: 1859 -1903.” Journal of Borderlands Studies (2019).

Gunn, Alex. “Immigration and Integration Policy and the Complexity of Multi-level Governance: A Case Study of British Columbia.” Journal of Borderlands Studies (2019).

Hale, Geoffrey. "Regulatory Cooperation in North America: Diplomacy Navigating Asymmetries." American Review of Canadian Studies 49, no. 1 (2019), 123-149.

Hodge, Edwin., Helga Hallgrimsdottir. “Networks of Hate: The Alt-right, “Troll Culture”, and the Cultural Geography of Social Movement Spaces Online.” Journal of Borderlands Studies (2019).

Norfolk, Alexander, Helga Hallgrimsdottir. “Sex Trafficking at the Border: An Exploration of Anti Trafficking Efforts in the Pacific Northwest.” Social Sciences 8, no. 5 (2019): 155.

Norfolk, Alexander. “Shifting, Securitizing, and Streamlining: An Exploration of Preclearance Policy in the Pacific Northwest.” Journal of Borderlands Studies (2019).

Widdis, Randy William. "On globalization, borders, and borderlands: A historical geographical perspective." The Canadian Geographer 63, no. 3 (2019).


Dalby, Simon. “Firepower: Geopolitical Cultures in the Anthropocene.” Geopolitics 23, no. 3 (2018): 718-742.

Klatt, Martin. “The So-Called 2015 Migration Crisis and Euroscepticism in Border Regions: Facing ReBordering Trends in the Danish-German Borderlands.” Geopolitics 23, (2018).


Dalby, Simon. “Anthropocene Formations: Environmental Security, Geopolitics and Disaster.” Theory, Culture & Society 34, no. 2-3 (2017): 233-252.

Dalby, Simon. “On “Not Being Persecuted”: Territory, Security, Climate.” In Life Adrift: Climate Change, Migration, Critique, edited by Andrew Baldwin and Giovanni Bettini. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2017.


Dalby, Simon. “Contextual Changes in Earth History: From the Holocene to the Anthropocene-Implications for Sustainable Development and for Strategies of Sustainable Transition.” In Handbook on Sustainability Transition and Sustainable Peace, edited by Hans Günter Brauch et. al. New York City: Springer International Publishing, 2016.

Dalby, Simon. “Climate Security in the Anthropocene: ‘Scaling up’ the Human Niche.” In Reimagining Climate Change, edited by Paul Wapner and Hilal Elver. Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge, 2016.

Leuprecht, Christian., David B. Skillicorn and Victoria E. Tait. “Beyond the Castle Model of Cyber-risk and Cyber-security.” Government Information Quarterly 33, no. 2 (2016): 250-257.

Yildiz, Ugur. “Precarity of the Territorialized State: Immigrants Re-drawing and Re-mapping the Borders.” Journal of Borderlands Studies 31, no. 4 (2016).


Dalby, Simon. “Climate geopolitics: Securing the Global Economy.” International Politics 52, no. 4  (2015): 426–444.

Leuprecht, Christian., Olivier Walther, David B. Skillicorn and Hillary Ryde-Collins. “Hezbollah’s Global Tentacles: A relational approach to convergence with transnational organized crime.”       Terrorism and Political Violence 29, no. 5 (2015): 902-921.

Leuprecht, Christian. “Go with the flow (Im)plausibility of a Grand Canadian Intergovernmental Bargain of Energy Policy and Strategy.” In Canada: The State of Federation, 2012: Regions, Resources,  and Resiliency, edited by Loleen Berdahl, André Juneau and Carolyn Hughes Tuohy. Kingston: Institute of Intergovernmental Relations, 2015.


Lauprecht, Christian., and Andrew Aulthouse. “Guns for Hire: North America’s Intra-contrinental Gun Trafficking Networks.” Criminology, Criminal Justice, Law & Society 15, no. 3 (2014): 57-74.

Policy Briefs

Kathryn Freidman, Director of Cross-Border and International Research, University at Buffalo (SUNY), wrote four policy briefs from BIG-supported research:

Transboundary Governance Capacity in the Arctic: Insights for Effective Arctic Governance
What Does It Mean to be a Binational Region in a Globalized World? Cross-Border Innovation and Community Prosperity in Southern Ontario and Western New York
Gazing into Our Crystal Ball in 2017: The Stakeholder Role in Facilitating Flows at the Canada-U.S. Border
Eutrophication in the Great Lakes: New Policy Tools for Ensuring a Thriving Great Lakes System

Cappellano, Francesco and Laurie Trautman. "The Cascadia Innovation Corridor: Advancing a Cross-Border Economy." 2019. 

Research reports

Cappellano, Francesco PhD; Border Policy Research Institute, Western Washington University; and Borders in Globalization, University of Victoria, "Cross Border Innovation Economies: The Cascadia Innovation Corridor Case" (2019). Border Policy Research Institute Publications. 116.