225 Years in the Making: How Canadian Universities Honour the Jay Treaty Through Cross-Border Tuition Policies

Featuring Michael O’Shea (BIG-BPRI Cross-Border Fellow)

This session will be held virtually on November 22nd, 2022 at 9AM PST. Register here!

Universities on both sides of the U.S.-Canada border can act on their historical Jay Treaty responsibilities to support Indigenous student success. In the last seven years, several Canadian universities have adopted policies that extend domestic tuition rates to Indigenous students living in (territories claimed by) the United States exempting them from international tuition fees. In doing so, the institutions referenced their responsibilities under the Jay Treaty of 1794, which recognizes the pre-existing right of Indigenous peoples to freely cross the U.S.-Canada border to live, work, and study. Notably, the Canadian government does not recognize the Treaty, and the United States does so with substantial caveats. This webinar explains how these universities adopted these policies and how other universities in Canada may follow suit, bringing their commitments to Indigenization and reconciliation in line with the Jay Treaty, the Calls to Action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Michael O’Shea is a higher education practitioner and scholar. As a PhD candidate studying under Dr. Stephanie Waterman (Onondaga, Turtle Clan) at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, his research explores how Canadian universities can act on their historic Treaty obligations to better support Indigenous students across the U.S.-Canada border. He has been awarded a Fulbright student award and SSHRC graduate award for his research. A proud product of the City of Chicago and its public schools, Michael has worked in a range of higher education, community non-profit, and public service roles in the U.S. and Canada. Currently he works as Early College Program Manager in Cambridge, Massachusetts, strengthening academic pathways between high school and university. He has lent his energy to serving organizations that strengthen advance equity, diversity, inclusion and decolonizing agendas — including the New Leaders Council, a national progressive organization, and the Massey College Anti-Black Racism Council. His published work has appeared in The Walrus, National Post, Hill Times, the Chicago Sun-Times, University Affairs, Canadian Journal of Higher Education, and Higher Education Policy.

225 Years in the Making: How Canadian Universities Honour the Jay Treaty Through Cross-Border Tuition Policies

Borders in Flux and Border Temporalities In and Beyond Europe

Belval, Luxembourg | December 15-16, 2022

Border studies is an interdisciplinary field of research in which existing scholarship has primarily been spatially oriented. The conference Borders In Flux and Border Temporalities In and Beyond Europe sheds light on research that focuses on the temporality of borders. The conference connects leading researchers as well as established and early-stage researchers to present, share and discuss their research on borders, borderlands, and border regions in and beyond 19th and 20th century Europe.

The conference invites scholars whose research sheds light on the temporal dimension of borders by exploring border practices, border discourses, and analyses of border regimes and life at the border in Europe. The conference will include papers that focus on topics that are related to identity, historical memory, minorities, cross-border experiences, cross-border cooperation, and regionalism. The conference will also highlight methodological and conceptual considerations of researching borders in and through time and space.

The conference is organised by the Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C²DH) and the Transfrontier Euro-Institut Network (TEIN) in collaboration with BIG, the UniGr Center for Border Studies and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.

BIG Project Director Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly will be presenting as a keynote speaker.

Find more information on the event here. Registration will open early November.

Borders in Flux and Border Temporalities In and Beyond Europe

Firepower, Geopolitics and the Future: Rethinking Environmental Security

featuring Dr. Simon Dalby (BIG Senior Research Fellow)

This webinar was hosted virtually on Tuesday October 4, 2022. You can now watch the full presentation for free here!

The interconnected crises of energy, security and climate change require rethinking many aspects of modernity. The great power rivalries, accelerating climate related calamities and technological innovations reprise many of the themes first clearly articulated at the 1972 Stockholm United Nations Conference on the Human Environment. Half a century later the urgency of grappling with our predicament, of only having one earth, requires redoubled efforts to link across disciplines, and in particular across the divide between natural and social sciences. Innovative formulations such as the Anthropocene are obviously needed because perpetuating the modern social order based on firepower can no longer provide security. Instead strategies to facilitate adaptation and remove institutional blockages to rapid energy innovation are a key theme for policy makers, and likewise for researchers in numerous geosciences.

Simon Dalby is a Professor at Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, a Senior Fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation and Senior Research Fellow with the Borders in Globalization program at the University of Victoria’s Centre for Global Studies. He was educated at Trinity College Dublin, the University of Victoria and holds a Ph.D. from SimonFraser University. Prior to joining Wilfrid Laurier University he was Professor of Geography, Environmental Studies and Political Economy at Carleton University. He has served as co-editor of Geography Compass and Geopolitics journals, as the sustainability theme lead for the Borders in Globalization research program, and from 2012 to 2018 he was CIGI Chair in the Political Economy of Climate Change at the Balsillie School of International Affairs. He is coeditor of Reframing Climate Change (Routledge 2016) and Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (Routledge 2019) and author of Anthropocene Geopolitics (University of Ottawa Press 2020), and Rethinking Environmental Security (Edward Elgar 2022). He has active research interests in the contemporary climate security discussion and the burgeoning debate about the Anthropocene and the implications of both for geopolitics and policy formulation.

Firepower, Geopolitics and the Future: Rethinking Environmental Security

VI Association of European Border Regions Cross-Border School

Szeged, Hungary | September 28th, 2022

The VI edition of AEBR Cross-Border School was held in Szeged, Hungary on Wednesday, 28 September 2022, in cooperation with the Euroregion DKMT, and in close collaboration with the Radboud University of Nijmegen and the Province of Gelderland (NL). From 2022 on, the CBS is also part of the 21st Century Borders project, led by the University of Victoria, Canada.

This year’s general emphasis was on youth and CBC with a number of panels on the following topics:

1. Growing a new generation of cross-border cooperation enthusiasts
2. Education across borders
3. Youth mobility and opportunities
4. Strategies to retain young people/talent; “empty” regions
5. University cooperation for cross-border cooperation education

Each session consisted of a keynote from an academic or a practitioner/expert and a response by a practitioner/expert or an academic. A dialogue with the audience followed in each case.

BIG Director Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly and BIG Scholar Martin Van der Velde were present and presenting in-person.

More information here!

VI Association of European Border Regions Cross-Border School

Canada-US Border Issues and Impacts Post-COVID

Public Lecture | Hosted by UBC’s Centre for Migration Studies

This lecture was hosted Wednesday September 21, 2022 at the Liu Institute for Global Issues in Vancouver, Canada.

BIG Director, Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly, shared his research and reflections on Canada-US border issues as well as the lasting impacts of the COVID border closures. This event was part of the Centre for Migration Studies Borders Research Group Speakers Series at the University of British Columbia.

Canada-US Border Issues and Impacts Post-COVID

Trade and Customs Borders in the 21st Century

Summer Institute, July 11-15, 2022 | Victoria, Canada

This program explored the regulatory environment of trading networks looking at how these networks functionally redesign borders and the ways in which they influence customs policies and practices. Professionals from the Canada Border Services Agency, the Pacific North West Economic Region, and the World Customs Organization, as well as leading academics in the field of border studies lead a curated syllabus of workshopped discussions, presentations, required readings, and practicum sessions. Learners developed a comprehensive understanding of the reality of 21st century borders and the context of trade flows in a globalizing world.

This program provided a new opportunity to engage with specialists on current issues pertaining to trade and customs to students and academics interested in border studies; trade and customs; and public policy, as well as professionals working in related sectors and interested community members.

The program was styled with a flexible learning format featuring both online and in person sessions, as well as the opportunity to develop a policy paper

Upon completion of the program, learners were able to:

1. Describe the physical and economic geography of Canadian borders, including different modes of transportation

2. Describe challenges and opportunities arising from sectoral and regional diversity in goods and services exports in historical and contemporary perspectives

3. Explain the interaction of bordering policies with the political economy of Canada’s trade and investment policies in the context of international activities and market flows

4. Evaluate the major political, economic, social, and technological forces, as well as international trends that have shaped custom mandates, roles, and policies in the Canadian context

5. Understand the role data science and information technology play in the risk and regulation of cross-border trade and travel

6. Describe the interconnectivity of energy networks and borders in the EU

7. Understand the mathematization of borders – i.e. the set of rankings, scoring, and computation practices related to borders and the national and international institutions that use and disseminate them.

Trade and Customs Borders in the 21st Century

Jean Monnet Network Launch Workshop

Zoom | June 17, 2022

This workshop’s prime activity was launching the Network. This workshop allowed us to (1) virtually host our partners and invite them to propose specific indicators or variables for the database based on their own work and specializations, and (2) connect with a wide range of local, regional and national partners, including non-academic organizations, with an interest in developing this research and training.

Our Network hypothesizes that EU responses to crisis are shaping policies with implications for human and state security, and that these responses are often exemplary as international models though not implemented with consistency across the EU.

To assess this situation, our Jean Monnet Network Team Human-to-Military Security Data Base discussed ideas/proposals for the development of database indicators at our first workshop.

Our core research focus is to challenge the well-established conception that borders are primarily territorial boundaries that emerge out of international treaties and thus that security issues should naturally be dealt with at the boundary line. Our contention is that contemporary borders in our era of globalization are processes that are in many instances ‘a-territorial’ (de-territorialized) because the border is ultimately carried out on individuals, goods and/or information on the move. Bordering processes have moved away from the boundary line and are individualized to persons and goods, occurring at sites in countries of origin, across transit countries, and within their country of destination.

Our methodology relies on the construction of datasets concerning the interplay between border policy and human/state security, with emphasis on instances of cooperation and collaboration straddling border internal and external to the European Union. We include maritime borders as well as borders within the EU and along its periphery.

Jean Monnet Network Launch Workshop

COVID-19 & The Rebordering of EU Spaces

Zoom | Tuesday, June 16, 2020

This webinar was organized by the Israeli Association for the Study of European Integration (IASEI)

The functioning of borders throughout Europe has undergone significant changes during the past 30 years. While inner borders have opened, the external border of the EU has hardened, and the impact of mass immigration on the one hand, together with Brexit on the other, has led to even further changes in the way that individual states manage and control their borders.

The latest challenge to border management has come from the coronavirus, as EU member states endeavor to close their homeland spaces to almost all outsiders.

Will borders return to their pre-corona status or will they remain relatively closed in the coming years, a policy which some governments are eager to pursue?

These issues and more were be addressed by our guest speakers, Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly (University of Victoria, Canada), Anne-Laure Amilhat-Szary (Université Grenoble Alpes, France), James W. Scott (University of Eastern Finland, Finland), and David Newman (Ben-Gurion University, Israel).

COVID-19 & The Rebordering of EU Spaces

New Directions at the Border

Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada | October 17, 2019

On October 17, 2019, the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Carleton University, hosted a symposium featuring six internationally acclaimed scholars in the growing field of border studies. The focus of the event was ‘New Directions at the Border.’ The event explored new approaches to border studies and engaged speakers and audiences in a dialogue about research on borders.

Financial support for this symposium was provided by Carleton University through the offices of the Vice President for Research and International, the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, and the Dean of the Faculty of Public Affairs.

This event is affiliated with the Borders in Globalization project, a SSHRC funded Partnership Grant Program, and co-sponsored by the Migration and Diaspora Studies program at Carleton University, with additional support from the departments of History and Political Science, and the Latin American and Caribbean Studies Program.

 

The Program

Welcome and Introduction from Scott Mitchell (Chair, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Carleton University), and Victor Konrad (Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Carleton University).

 

The (In)Mutability Paradox of Borders, Chair, Michel Hogue, History, Carleton

Randy Widdis is Professor Emeritus of Geography at the University of Regina and a leading scholar in borderlands history.

This presentation reflects upon the mutability and immutability of borders in the face of the history of globalization. It attempts to unravel the entanglements that connect globalization and borders, and in doing so, reflects on the strings that connect the past and the present, and identifies and analyzes the roles that such connections play in the ever-changing world of borders, borderlands, bordering, and policy-making.

 

A Border Support Network: Asylum Seekers, Migrant Caravans and Counterinsurgency on the Two Mexico’s BordersChair, Melissa Hausmann, Political Science, Carleton

Guadalupe Correa-Cabrera is Associate Professor, Schar School of Policy and Government, George Mason University, Global Fellow, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, and Non-resident Scholar, Baker Institute’s Mexico Center, Rice University.

The purpose of this presentation is to explain the new dynamics of mass migration, asylum seeking and human smuggling in the Americas, and particularly at the two Mexico’s borders (the Mexico-US border and the Mexico-Central America border). This work is based on a network analysis of caravan organizers or facilitators of mass mobilization of asylum seekers towards the US-Mexico border. The research poses hypotheses to explain current American politics and plausible counterinsurgency at the two Mexico’s borders.

 

Exploring Links between Borders and Ethics: Towards Unbounded Inclusiveness, Chair, William Walters, Political Science and Sociology, Carleton

Jussi Laine is Assistant Professor, Karelian Institute, University of Eastern Finland. He is Vice-President of the Association for Borderlands Studies, and a book review editor of the Journal of Borderlands Studies.

This presentation explores the links between borders and ethics to provide some direction on questions of justifiable state borders, and some balance to competing and conflicting viewpoints. In public debate, rational assessments tend to be overshadowed by emotional and passionate viewpoints, resulting in narrowed and oversimplified positions. Ethics are important not only for understanding borders per se, but also because ethics are central to evaluating changes to the global social, political, and economic order.

 

Special Panel: Crises at the Border: Is History a Guide?
John Caulfield, US Department of State (retired) and Laura Macdonald, Political Science, Carleton

Mr. John Caulfield has served in diplomatic service in various Caribbean and Latin American countries, in Europe, and the Philippines. Most recently, he was the Chief of the US Interests Section in Havana, Cuba where he negotiated pragmatic agreements on immigration, environmental protection, civil aviation, and cultural affairs.

Professor Laura Macdonald is an internationally-recognized expert on North and Latin American public policy, and author of numerous scholarly articles and books. Her research includes Canada’s role in Latin America and transnational activism around human rights in North America. Professor Macdonald is also a regular media commentator on issues related to Latin American and North American Political economy.

 

The Integration between Border Studies and Public Policy in the Canada-US ContextMeredith Lilly, Riesman Chair, Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton

Laurie Trautman is Director of the Border Policy Research Institute at Western Washington University, and an active contributor to border policy research and practice in the western US and Canada, as well as more extensively in North America.

In the last decade in particular, border studies and border research have become intertwined with public debate and public policy regarding issues that are central to socio-economic well being such as immigration, security, and identity. This presentation explores the integration between border studies and public policy in the context of the Canada-US relationship, and addresses the increasing demands on border researchers to contribute to public policy in a timely and relevant manner.

 

Energizing Borders, Belts and Roads: Tracing the evolution of Yunnan Province—Southwest China’s “radiation center”—through transregional energy development, Chair, John Milton, Geography and Environmental Studies, Carleton

Thomas Ptak is Assistant Professor of Geography, University of Idaho and an emerging scholar of energy geopolitics, particularly in China and Southeast Asia.

This paper details the evolution of Yunnan province from a remote and peripheral region to its emergence as a ‘powershed’, and transition to an ‘energy conduit’. Yunnan’s geostrategic location, immense energy resources along with the vision and will of a range of actors across China, has resulted in the province’s ongoing transformation from a once peripheral and remote frontier, to a place now central for contemporary geo-economic and geopolitical objectives. Yunnan is now a nucleus for a range of development projects proliferating under the macro-scale Belt and Road Initiative by integrating Chinese interests with opportunities across Southeast Asia.

 

Unsustainable Borders? Climate Geopolitics in a Warming World, Chair, David Long, Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton

Simon Dalby is Professor of Geography and Environmental Studies at Wilfrid Laurier University where he teaches in the Balsillie School of International Affairs, and is Senior Fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation.

Rapidly rising greenhouse gas emissions and increasingly severe climate change impacts, both in the form of extreme weather and melting permafrost and ice caps, suggest non-stationarity is the new normal. Whereas policies to deal with these issues remain caught in matters of national jurisdiction, cross-border issues as well as global tele-connections have to be considered as part of policy. Borders are no longer where they appear to be as both policy and corporate strategies adapt to global innovations in energy and technology.

 

Cover: Original Painting by Aili Kurtis, 2019. Reproduced with Permission from the Artist.

New Directions at the Border

Summer Workshop: Canadian Borders Policies in Comparative Perspectives

Victoria, Canada | July 12, 2019

UVic’s Borders in Globalization (BIG) research program in partnership with Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), and with funding from the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Commission, hosted a one-day workshop to explore specific policy-relevant questions on Canadian borders.  The workshop had approximately 10 students present and discuss research papers with experts, scholars and border officials.  This workshop provided an outstanding opportunity to conduct and present targeted research to the policy-makers who will use the knowledge, in addition to professional development and networking opportunities.

The research papers covered three topics:

Topic 1: Asylum. What border policy reforms have been introduced in EU Member States over the past 5 years in response to the significant influx of asylum seekers in Europe? For example, reforms to entry / exit controls, identity management, public safety, security screening, and immigration enforcement measures.

Topic 2: Immigration Enforcement. Propose an analytical framework for assessing the gender-based analysis plus (GBA+) considerations with respect to developing immigration enforcement policy, including detention and removal.

Topic 3: Screening. Which countries, over the past 15 years, have had governments that have been involved in terrorism, systematic or gross human rights violations, a war crime, crimes against humanity or genocide? Compare and contrast Canada’s designated regime list with similar measures in place in other countries including the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and/or EU Member States.

Summer Workshop: Canadian Borders Policies in Comparative Perspectives